Information About Sea Turtles, Their Habitats and Threats to Their Survival

Sea turtles are large, air-breathing reptiles that inhabit tropical and subtropical seas throughout the world. Sea turtles around the world have been studied to help collect information about their growth rates, reproductive cycles and migration routes. After decades of studying sea turtles, much has been learned. However, many mysteries still remain.


General Info

Sea turtles have long fascinated people and have figured prominently in the mythology and folklore of many cultures.


Sea Turtle Species

Scientists recognize seven living species of sea turtles, which are grouped into six genera.


Habitats

Sea turtles depend upon many types of habitats for nesting, feeding and migratation.


Threats

Sadly, only an estimated one in 1,000 to 10,000 will survive to adulthood.




Loggerhead
(Caretta caretta)
Shell Length: 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 feet
Weight: 155 to 375 lbs
Diet: Whelks and Conch

Green
(Chelonia mydas)
Shell Length: 3 to 4 feet
Weight: 250 to 450 lbs
Diet: Sea Grass and Algae

Leatherback
(Dermochelys coriacea)
Shell Length: 4 to 6 feet
Weight: 660 to 1,000 lbs
Diet: Jellyfish

Hawksbill
(Eretmochelys imbricata)
Shell Length: 2 1/2 to 3 feet
Weight: 100 to 150 lbs
Diet: Sponges

Kemp's Ridley
(Lepidochelys kempii)
Shell Length: 1 1/2 to 2 feet
Weight: 70 to 105 lbs
Diet: Mostly crabs

Olive Ridley
(Lepidochelys olivacea)
Shell Length: 2 to 2 1/2 feet
Weight: 75 to 100 lbs
Diet: Crabs, jellyfish, algae

Australian Flatback
(Natator depressus)
Shell Length: 2 1/2 to 3 feet
Weight: 150 to 250 lbs
Diet: Marine Invertebrates

Once you know all about sea turtles and their habitats, you can take the: